RIP, Microsoft Paint. MS Paint, the first app you used for editing images, will probably be killed off in future updates of Windows 1. Paint 3. D. Microsoft lists the 3. Windows 1. 0s next autumn update, a little X marking the end of an era. The app is certainly a relic, from a time when the casual computer user couldnt crack open Photoshop or Skitch or Pixelmator or thousands of web apps. MS Paint cant save image components as layers or vectors its for making flat static images only. It doesnt smooth lines or guess at your best intentions. It does what you tell it and nothing more, faithfully representing the herky jerky motion of drawing freehand with a computer mouse. Please note that the developers of all three tools constantly improve their tools and add new features. Therefore, the table might be not perfectly uptodate. Универсальный сборник программ, распределнных по категориям, с автоматической. Android has a builtin PDF viewer, as do iPhones and iPads. While Adobe Reader is available for all of these OSs, there isnt really a need to download and use it. Its from a time before touch, a time before trackpads. As more sophisticated options appeared, Paints janky aesthetic became a conscious choice. Paint became the metonym for that aesthetic, even if an image was actually created in another app. TV Tropes lists major limitations that came to define a certain look the wobbly freehand lines, awkward color handling, and inappropriate export settings that give Paint its distinctive look. In 2. 01. 4, Gawkers Sam Biddle noted Paints influence on conspiracy theory images, calling the form Chart Brut. In amateur detectives attempts at identifying the Boston Marathon bombers, the simplicity and jaggedness of Paint evokes the crazy wall aesthetic of red string and scribbled notes, apparently without irony. The same year, internet historian Patrick Davison explored Paints influence on the last decade of meme culture, particularly Rage Comics. The outsider art aesthetic feels appropriate to the relatable everyday content, and makes the art form unthreatening. Of course, Paint offered a few features to smooth things out, like the circle and line tools and the fill tool, all used in the stoner comics of the early 1. Crucially, those circles still had jagged curves. The bright colors of stoner comics are flat, as MS Paint didnt support gradients without an elaborate hack. Contrast those pixellated lines with the slick, stylish face from this art tutorial This slickness is built into Paints successor, Paint 3. D. From the moment you start sketching, Paint 3. D smooths out your art. It also supports automatic selection tools and content aware fill to rival Photoshops. By automatically improving art, Paint 3. PDFXChange Viewer PDF. The very best free 2015 portable programs hand selected by the Gizmos Freeware editors. You dont need to spend a cent on apps when there are so many freebies. Ein guter PDF Reader muss nichts kosten Drei starke FreewareReader zum Download. Ob in der Uni, Schule oder in der Arbeit berall wird mit PDFDateien gearbeitet. D hides the process behind the image. Paints sloppiness is probably why rage comics got so popular. Looking at a rage comic, you can tell exactly how it was drawn, and how you might draw one yourself. By delivering exactly what the artist draws, MS Paint forms an image that the viewer can mentally reverse engineer and imitate. Unless you go absolutely nuts with it. Reddit user Toweringhorizon painstakingly assembled the drawing To a Little Radio using MS Paint tools like the oil brush, stretching the medium while maintaining a pixelated look. Its one of the top submissions to MS Paint subreddit, a beautiful collaborative art gallery. Scrolling through this art feels like flipping through the sketchbook of the most artistic kid in high school. Theres an accepted roughness, a desired minimalism. For example, the exquisite raindrops in the work above are reflected in a flat, featureless tabletop. Like a transistor radio, Paint might be showing its age, but this tenacious little gadget should not be underestimated. To a Little Radio doesnt even come close to testing Paints limits. As we say goodbye to the app that shaped an era, let us watch this bizarrely soundtracked time lapse of drawing Santa Claus in MS Paint on Windows 7 over the course of 5. We can only believe this is real because faking it would be even harder. Portable Document Format Wikipedia. The Portable Document Format PDF is a file format used to present documents in a manner independent of application software, hardware, and operating systems. 3 Each PDF file encapsulates a complete description of a fixed layout flat document, including the text, fonts, graphics, and other information needed to display it. History and standardizationeditPDF was developed in the early 1. It was among a number of competing formats such as Dj. Vu, Envoy, Common Ground Digital Paper, Farallon Replica and even Adobes own Post. Script format. In those early years before the rise of the World Wide Web and HTML documents, PDF was popular mainly in desktop publishingworkflows. Adobe Systems made the PDF specification available free of charge in 1. PDF was a proprietary format controlled by Adobe, until it was officially released as an open standard on July 1, 2. International Organization for Standardization as ISO 3. ISO Committee of volunteer industry experts. In 2. 00. 8, Adobe published a Public Patent License to ISO 3. Adobe that are necessary to make, use, sell, and distribute PDF compliant implementations. 8PDF 1. Adobe, such as Adobe XML Forms Architecture XFA and Java. Script extension for Acrobat, which are referenced by ISO 3. ISO 3. 20. 00 1 specification. These proprietary technologies are not standardized and their specification is published only on Adobes website. 91. Many of them are also not supported by popular third party implementations of PDF. On July 2. 8, 2. 01. ISO 3. 20. 00 2 was published by the ISO. ISO 3. 20. 00 2 does not include any proprietary technologies as normative references. Technical foundationseditThe PDF combines three technologies A subset of the Post. Script page description programming language, for generating the layout and graphics. A font embeddingreplacement system to allow fonts to travel with the documents. A structured storage system to bundle these elements and any associated content into a single file, with data compression where appropriate. Post. ScripteditPost. Script is a page description language run in an interpreter to generate an image, a process requiring many resources. It can handle graphics and standard features of programming languages such as if and loop commands. PDF is largely based on Post. Script but simplified to remove flow control features like these, while graphics commands such as lineto remain. Often, the Post. Script like PDF code is generated from a source Post. Script file. The graphics commands that are output by the Post. Script code are collected and tokenized. Any files, graphics, or fonts to which the document refers also are collected. Then, everything is compressed to a single file. Therefore, the entire Post. Script world fonts, layout, measurements remains intact. As a document format, PDF has several advantages over Post. Script PDF contains tokenized and interpreted results of the Post. Script source code, for direct correspondence between changes to items in the PDF page description and changes to the resulting page appearance. PDF from version 1. Post. Script does not. Post. Script is an interpreted programming language with an implicit global state, so instructions accompanying the description of one page can affect the appearance of any following page. Therefore, all preceding pages in a Post. Script document must be processed to determine the correct appearance of a given page, whereas each page in a PDF document is unaffected by the others. As a result, PDF viewers allow the user to quickly jump to the final pages of a long document, whereas a Post. Script viewer needs to process all pages sequentially before being able to display the destination page unless the optional Post. Script Document Structuring Conventions have been carefully complied with. Technical overvieweditFile structureeditA PDF file is a 7 bit ASCII file, except for certain elements that may have binary content. A PDF file starts with a header containing the magic number and the version of the format such as PDF 1. The format is a subset of a COS Carousel Object Structure format. 1. A COS tree file consists primarily of objects, of which there are eight types 1. Boolean values, representing true or false. Numbers. Strings, enclosed within parentheses., may contain 8 bit characters. Names, starting with a forward slash Arrays, ordered collections of objects enclosed within square brackets. Dictionaries, collections of objects indexed by Names enclosed within double pointy brackets lt lt. Streams, usually containing large amounts of data, which can be compressed and binary. The null object. Furthermore, there may be comments, introduced with the percent sign. Comments may contain 8 bit characters. Objects may be either direct embedded in another object or indirect. Indirect objects are numbered with an object number and a generation number and defined between the obj and endobj keywords. An index table, also called the cross reference table and marked with the xref keyword, follows the main body and gives the byte offset of each indirect object from the start of the file. 1. This design allows for efficient random access to the objects in the file, and also allows for small changes to be made without rewriting the entire file incremental update. Beginning with PDF version 1. This technique reduces the size of files that have large numbers of small indirect objects and is especially useful for Tagged PDF. At the end of a PDF file is a trailer introduced with the trailer keyword. It contains. A dictionary. An offset to the start of the cross reference table the table starting with the xref keywordAnd the EOFend of file marker. The dictionary contains. A reference to the root object of the tree structure, also known as the catalog. The count of indirect objects in the cross reference table. And other optional information. There are two layouts to the PDF files non linear not optimized and linear optimized. Non linear PDF files consume less disk space than their linear counterparts, though they are slower to access because portions of the data required to assemble pages of the document are scattered throughout the PDF file. Linear PDF files also called optimized or web optimized PDF files are constructed in a manner that enables them to be read in a Web browser plugin without waiting for the entire file to download, since they are written to disk in a linear as in page order fashion. 1. PDF files may be optimized using Adobe Acrobat software or QPDF. Imaging modeleditThe basic design of how graphics are represented in PDF is very similar to that of Post. Script, except for the use of transparency, which was added in PDF 1. PDF graphics use a device independent. Cartesian coordinate system to describe the surface of a page. A PDF page description can use a matrix to scale, rotate, or skew graphical elements. A key concept in PDF is that of the graphics state, which is a collection of graphical parameters that may be changed, saved, and restored by a page description. PDF has as of version 1. Vector graphicseditAs in Post. Script, vector graphics in PDF are constructed with paths. Paths are usually composed of lines and cubic Bzier curves, but can also be constructed from the outlines of text. Unlike Post. Script, PDF does not allow a single path to mix text outlines with lines and curves. Paths can be stroked, filled, clipping.