Autocratic Leadership Definition Pdf FileLeadership Wikipedia. Leadership is both a research area and a practical skill encompassing the ability of an individual or organization to lead or guide other individuals, teams, or entire organizations. The literature debates various viewpoints contrasting Eastern and Western approaches to leadership, and also within the West US vs. European approaches. US academic environments define leadership as a process of social influence in which a person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task. Leadership seen from a European and non academic perspective encompasses a view of a leader who can be moved not only by communitarian goals but also by the search for personal power. Leadership can derive from a combination of several factors, as the European researcher Daniele Trevisani highlights Leadership is a holistic spectrum that can arise from 1 higher levels of physical power, need to display power and control others, force superiority, ability to generate fear, or group members need for a powerful group protector Primal Leadership, 2 superior mental energies, superior motivational forces, perceivable in communication and behaviors, lack of fear, courage, determination Psychoenergetic Leadership, 3 higher abilities in managing the overall picture Macro Leadership, 4 higher abilities in specialized tasks Micro Leadership, 5 higher ability in managing the execution of a task Project Leadership, and 6 higher level of values, wisdom, and spirituality Spiritual Leadership, where any Leader derives its Leadership Style from a unique mix of one or more of the former factors. Studies of leadership have produced theories involving traits,4 situational interaction, function, behavior,5power, vision and values,6charisma, and intelligence, among others. Historical viewseditSanskrit literature identifies ten types of leaders. Defining characteristics of the ten types of leaders are explained with examples from history and mythology. Aristocratic thinkers have postulated that leadership depends on ones blue blood or genes. Monarchy takes an extreme view of the same idea, and may prop up its assertions against the claims of mere aristocrats by invoking divine sanction see the divine right of kings. Contrariwise, more democratically inclined theorists have pointed to examples of meritocratic leaders, such as the Napoleonic marshals profiting from careers open to talent. In the autocraticpaternalistic strain of thought, traditionalists recall the role of leadership of the Roman pater familias. Feminist thinking, on the other hand, may object to such models as patriarchal and posit against them emotionally attuned, responsive, and consensual empathetic guidance, which is sometimes associated with matriarchies. Sonic Heroes Ps2 Iso Torrent. Comparable to the Roman tradition, the views of Confucianism on right living relate very much to the ideal of the male scholar leader and his benevolent rule, buttressed by a tradition of filial piety. Leadership is a matter of intelligence, trustworthiness, humaneness, courage, and discipline. Reliance on intelligence alone results in rebelliousness. Autocratic Leadership Definition Pdf Download' title='Autocratic Leadership Definition Pdf Download' />Exercise of humaneness alone results in weakness. Fixation on trust results in folly. Dependence on the strength of courage results in violence. Excessive discipline and sternness in command result in cruelty. When one has all five virtues together, each appropriate to its function, then one can be a leader. Sun Tzu1. 1Machiavellis The Prince, written in the early 1. Machiavellis terminology to gain and keep power. In the 1. 9th century the elaboration of anarchist thought called the whole concept of leadership into question. Note that the Oxford English Dictionary traces the word leadership in English only as far back as the 1. One response to this denial of litism came with Leninism, which demanded an lite group of disciplined cadres to act as the vanguard of a socialist revolution, bringing into existence the dictatorship of the proletariat. Wwe Raw 2003 Game. An autocracy is a system of government in which supreme power social and political is concentrated in the hands of one person, whose decisions are subject to. Four Leadership Styles Derived From the Ohio State Studies Low High Initiating Structure Low High n Low Structure, High Consideration Less. Authoritarian leadership, also known as autocratic leadership, is a management style in which an individual has total decisionmaking power and absolute control over. Culture and Leader Effectiveness The GLOBE Study. Background The Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness GLOBE Research Program was. Introduction Good leadership is essential if a company is to achieve high levels of performance and implement a culture of productivity improvement. This study addresses the problem of varied definitions of leadership and focuses on the possibility that as part of the social science tradition, the results of other. Developing leadership in nursing exploring core factors Abstract This article provides an introduction to the issue of nursing leadership, addressing definitions and. Bangladeshi Professionals NetworkBPNetwork www. Dr. Abdus Salam, PhD Issue 17. This paper proposes a definition and a descriptive model of destructive leadership behaviour. Destructive leadership behaviour is defined as the systematic and. Other historical views of leadership have addressed the seeming contrasts between secular and religious leadership. The doctrines of Caesaro papism have recurred and had their detractors over several centuries. Christian thinking on leadership has often emphasized stewardship of divinely provided resourceshuman and materialand their deployment in accordance with a Divine plan. Compare servant leadership. For a more general take on leadership in politics, compare the concept of the statesperson. TheorieseditEarly western historyeditThe search for the characteristics or traits of leaders has continued for centuries. Philosophical writings from Platos Republic1. Plutarchs Lives have explored the question What qualities distinguish an individual as a leader Underlying this search was the early recognition of the importance of leadershipcitation needed and the assumption that leadership is rooted in the characteristics that certain individuals possess. This idea that leadership is based on individual attributes is known as the trait theory of leadership. A number of works in the 1. Thomas Carlyle and of Francis Galton, whose works have prompted decades of research. In Heroes and Hero Worship 1. Carlyle identified the talents, skills, and physical characteristics of men who rose to power. Galtons Hereditary Genius 1. After showing that the numbers of eminent relatives dropped off when his focus moved from first degree to second degree relatives, Galton concluded that leadership was inherited. In other words, leaders were born, not developed. Both of these notable works lent great initial support for the notion that leadership is rooted in characteristics of a leader. Cecil Rhodes 1. 85. University of Oxford which further developed such characteristics. International networks of such leaders could help to promote international understanding and help render war impossible. This vision of leadership underlay the creation of the Rhodes Scholarships, which have helped to shape notions of leadership since their creation in 1. Rise of alternative theorieseditIn the late 1. Bird, 1. 94. 0 1. Stogdill, 1. 94. 8 1. Mann, 1. 95. 91. In reviewing the extant literature, Stogdill and Mann found that while some traits were common across a number of studies, the overall evidence suggested that persons who are leaders in one situation may not necessarily be leaders in other situations. Subsequently, leadership was no longer characterized as an enduring individual trait, as situational approaches see alternative leadership theories below posited that individuals can be effective in certain situations, but not others. The focus then shifted away from traits of leaders to an investigation of the leader behaviors that were effective. This approach dominated much of the leadership theory and research for the next few decades. Reemergence of trait theoryeditNew methods and measurements were developed after these influential reviews that would ultimately reestablish trait theory as a viable approach to the study of leadership. For example, improvements in researchers use of the round robin research design methodology allowed researchers to see that individuals can and do emerge as leaders across a variety of situations and tasks. Additionally, during the 1.
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