Gujarat Labour Welfare Fund Form A 1295a' title='Gujarat Labour Welfare Fund Form A 1295a' />National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2. Mission statementIt aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 1. Country. India. Launched. Feb 2. 00. 6National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2. NREGA No 4. 2, later renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, MGNREGA, is an Indian labour law and social security measure that aims to guarantee the right to work. It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 1. The act was first proposed in 1. Alcoa Core Safety Program. P. V. Narasimha Rao. In 2. India. Based on this pilot experience, NREGA was scoped up to covered all the districts of India from 1 April 2. ZOzJT5SQUls/WIBF85frW8I/AAAAAAAAl1Y/x5nB3W-z3OgBWq5C-5e2MxjPFnzA0qQDgCLcB/s1600/ahm-c3478870-large.jpg' alt='Gujarat Labour Welfare Fund Form A 1 For Import' title='Gujarat Labour Welfare Fund Form A 1 For Import' />GTU welcomes new BOG Members appointed through notification dated 7th May, 2016 by Government of Gujarat. Messages from the new members Rajubhai Shah BOG Member. National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 or, NREGA No 42, later renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, MGNREGA, is an Indian. As the BJPled NDA completes two years in office, a look at its hits and misses. Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996 Indian Bare Acts at Vakilno1. Indian Laws and bareacts, legal advice and law. The statute is hailed by the government as the largest and most ambitious social security and public works programme in the world. In its World Development Report 2. World Bank termed it a stellar example of rural development. The MGNREGA was initiated with the objective of enhancing livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 1. Another aim of MGNREGA is to create durable assets such as roads, canals, ponds, wells. Employment is to be provided within 5 km of an applicants residence, and minimum wages are to be paid. If work is not provided within 1. Thus, employment under MGNREGA is a legal entitlement. MGNREGA is to be implemented mainly by gram panchayats GPs. The involvement of contractors is banned. Labour intensive tasks like creating infrastructure for water harvesting, drought relief and flood control are preferred. Apart from providing economic security and creating rural assets, NREGA can help in protecting the environment, empowering rural women, reducing rural urban migration and fostering social equity, among others. The law provides many safeguards to promote its effective management and implementation. The act explicitly mentions the principles and agencies for implementation, list of allowed works, financing pattern, monitoring and evaluation, and most importantly the detailed measures to ensure transparency and accountability. Past ScenarioeditHistoryeditStarting from 1. Rural Manpower Programme taught the lesson of financial management, the Crash Scheme for Rural Employment of planning for outcomes, a Pilot Intensive Rural Employment Programme of labour intensive works, the Drought Prone Area Programme of integrated rural development, Marginal Farmers and Agricultural Labourers Scheme of rural economic development, the Food for Work Programme FWP of holistic development and better coordination with the states, the National Rural Employment Programme NREP of community development, and the Rural Landless Employment Guarantee Programme of focus on landless households. The Planning Commission later approved the scheme and the same was adopted on national scale. On 1 April 1. 98. NREP and RLEGPn 1 into a new scheme JRY. The most significant change was the decentralization of implementation by involving local people through PRIs and hence a decreasing role of bureaucracy. On 2 October 1. 99. Employment Assurance Scheme EAS was initiated by the then prime minister P. V. Narasimha Rao to provide employment to agricultural hands during the lean agricultural season. Rao had started discussions on this act in 1. The role of PRIs was reinforced with the local self government at the district level called the Zilla Parishad as the main implementing authority. Later, EAS was merged with SGRY in 2. On 1 April 1. 99. JRY was revamped and renamed to JGSY with a similar objective. J Stalin The Real World West Oakland on this page. The role of PRIs was further reinforced with the local self government at the village level called the Village Panchayats as the sole implementing authority. In 2. 00. 1, it was merged with SGRY. In January 2. 00. FWP similar to the one initiated in 1. Once NREGA was enacted, the two were merged in 2. On 2. 5 September 2. EAS and JGSY into a new scheme SGRY. The role of PRIs was retained with the Village Panchayats as the sole implementing authority. Yet again due to implementation issues, it was merged with Mahatma Gandhi NREGA in 2. The total government allocation to these precursors of Mahatma Gandhi NREGA had been about three quarters of 1 trillion US1. OvervieweditAccording to the Eleventh Five Year Plan 2. Indians living on less than 1 a day, called Below Poverty Line BPL, was 3. The UPA Government had planned to increase the number of working days from 1. Lok Sabha Elections in the country but failed. The NDA government has decided to provide 1. The registration process involves an application to the Gram Panchayat and issue of job cards. The wage employment must be provided within 1. The work entitlement of 1. The law also lists permissible works water conservation and water harvesting drought proofing including afforestation irrigation works restoration of traditional water bodies land development flood control rural connectivity and works notified by the government. The Act sets a minimum limit to the wage material ratio as 6. The provision of accredited engineers, worksite facilities and a weekly report on worksites is also mandated by the Act. Furthermore, the Act sets a minimum limit to the wages, to be paid with gender equality, either on a time rate basis or on a piece rate basis. The states are required to evolve a set of norms for the measurement of works and schedule of rates. Unemployment allowance must be paid if the work is not provided within the statutory limit of 1. The law stipulates Gram Panchayats to have a single bank account for NREGA works which shall be subjected to public scrutiny. To promote transparency and accountability, the act mandates monthly squaring of accounts. To ensure public accountability through public vigilance, the NREGA designates social audits as key to its implementation. The most detailed part of the Act chapter 1. For evaluation of outcomes, the law also requires management of data and maintenance of records, like registers related to employment, job cards, assets, muster rolls and complaints, by the implementing agencies at the village, block and state level. The legislation specifies the role of the state in ensuring transparency and accountability through upholding the right to information and disclosing information proactively, preparation of annual reports by CEGC for Parliament and SEGCs for state legislatures, undertaking mandatory financial audit by each district along with physical audit, taking action on audit reports, developing a Citizens Charter, establishing vigilance and monitoring committees, and developing grievance redressal system. The Act recommends establishment of Technical Resource Support Groups at district, state and central level and active use of Information Technology, like creation of a Monitoring and Information System MIS and a NREGA website, to assure quality in implementation of NREGA through technical support. The law allows convergence of NREGA with other programmes. As NREGA intends to create additional employment, the convergence should not affect employment provided by other programmes. The law and the Constitution of IndiaeditThe Act aims to follow the Directive Principles of State Policy enunciated in Part IV of the Constitution of India. The law by providing a right to work is consistent with Article 4.
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